Myeloma, also known as multiple myeloma, is a cancer of the plasma cells. A plasma cell is a highly differentiated lymphocyte that produces antibodies to help fight infection and disease. Multiple myeloma is characterized by excessive numbers of abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow, and often causes bone lesions.

Because many organs can be affected by myeloma, the symptoms and signs vary greatly but can include bone pain, infection, anemia, and/or kidney dysfunction. Treatment for myeloma focuses mainly on disease containment and suppression. Although myeloma is regarded as incurable, various therapies including chemotherapy, steroids, and stem cell transplants can lead to disease remission.

To learn more about the various tests that Genoptix might perform on a suspected myeloma, click here.

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